The United States of America commonly called the United States of America (English: the United States or the US) or the United States of America, is a country located in North America, this 50 states, one federal district, five major self-governing territories, And consist of various subordinate regions. The eleven smaller archipelagic areas with no permanent population are the following – Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, and Palmyra Atoll. The sovereignty of the United States is disputed on Bacho Nuevo Coast, Nawasa Island, Serranilla Coast, and Wake Island. 48 contiguous states and federal districts lie in central North America, between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is located in the northwestern part of North America, bordering Canada on the east and the Bering Strait on the west by Russia. The Hawaiian states are located in the mid-Pacific. The American self-governed territories are scattered in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
With a population of 98 million km2 and a population of more than 32.4 million, the United States is the world’s third-largest (and fourth-largest by land area) country by total area. With a population of 30.5 million, it is the third-largest country by population after China and India. It is one of the most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations in the world, mainly due to large-scale immigration from many other countries. The capital of this country is Washington, D.C., and the largest city is New York. Other major metropolitan areas include Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, San Francisco, Boston, Philadelphia, Houston, Atlanta, and Miami. The geography, climate, and wildlife of this country are extremely diverse.
The United States of America is a highly developed country, the world’s largest economy by nominal, GDP, and the second-largest economy by purchasing power parity. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world’s total, the US accounts for about 40% of the world’s total wealth. The United States of America topped many socioeconomic performance cases, including average wages, human development, per capita GDP, and per capita productivity. Although the world is known for its industrial economy, today it has dominance in services and knowledge economy, while in the field of manufacturing it is the second-largest in the world. With nearly a quarter of global GDP and a third of global military spending, the United States of America is the world’s leading economic and military power. The United States of America is a major political and economic power internationally and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
United States of America, the name was suggested by Thomas Penn and officially used in the July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence. The United States is also often used for short form.
Freedom and expansion
The official date of the founding of the United States of America is July 8, 14, when the Second Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence as the representative of 13 separatist colonial states. However, a lot of changes were made in the basic structure of the government in the year 18 when the Articles of Confederation were replaced by the US Constitution.
New York City was the Confederate capital for one year before the government capital moved to Philadelphia. In 1891, states passed the Bill of Rights, making ten amendments to the constitution that prohibited federal restrictions on personal freedom and the limits of legal protection. Northern states prohibited slavery between 180 and 1808, but the practice continued in southern states. In 1700, the newly settled Washington DC became the new capital of the federal government and the nation.
The newly fledgling country began a war cycle on the local Indian people to expand their borders towards the west, which lasted until the late nineteenth century and the local Americans had to lose their lands. American nationalism gained prominence due to the war with Britain in 1812, which was at par. The US gained control of the present-day American Northwest due to what happened to Britain in 16. California and the current American Southwest merged with the United States in the United States due to American intervention in Mexico. This expansion continued westward due to the California Gold Rush of 18–14. Over the course of half a century, 7 million buffaloes were killed for their skin and meat and for the expansion of the railroad. These animals, which were an important part of the economic resources and culture for the local Indian people, proved to be very traumatic for the Indian people.
The United States of America has a capitalist mixed economy, driven by abundant natural resources and high productivity. According to the International Monetary Fund, the US GDP of $ 16.8 trillion represents 24 percent of GDP on market exchange rates and over 19 percent of GDP on purchasing power parity (PPP).
In 2014, the GDP (nominal) of the world was estimated at about $ 17.528 trillion. From 1983 to 2008, the US real GDP growth rate was 3.3%, compared to the average 2.3% of the rest of the G7 countries. According to the United Nations (for the first time in the US), the country ranks ninth in the world in nominal GDP per capita and sixth in PPP per capita GDP. The US dollar is the world’s primary reserve currency.
The United States is the largest importer and second-largest exporter of goods, although exports per capita are relatively low. In 2010, the total US trade deficit was $ 635 billion. Canada, China, Mexico, Japan, and Germany are its top trading partners. In 2010, oil was the largest import commodity, while transport equipment was the country’s largest export commodity. Japan is the largest foreign holder of public debt. The largest holders of US debt are US entities, including the federal government account and the Federal Reserve, which hold the majority of the debt.
In 2009, the private sector constituted 86.4% of the economy, while the federal government and state and local government activity (including federal transfers) accounted for 4.3% and 9.3%, respectively. The number of people connected to manufacturing was in the ratio of 1.7: 1 compared to the number of employees of all levels of government. Although the US economy has reached a developed level and its service sector accounts for 67.8% of GDP, the United States of America still remains an industrial power. Manufacturing companies continue to be the leader in wholesale and retail trade of gross trade receipts. In the franchising business model, McDonald’s and Subway are two of the world’s best-known brands. Coca-Cola is the world’s most recognized soft drink company.
Chemical products are the leading manufacturing sector. The United States is the largest producer of oil in the world, as well as its second-largest importer. It is also a leader in the manufacture of electrical and nuclear power in the world, as well as in the manufacture of liquid natural gas, sulfur, phosphate, and salt. The National Mining Association provides information related to coal and other minerals, including beryllium, copper, lead, magnesium, zinc, titanium, and others.
Agriculture accounts for less than 1% of GDP, yet the United States is the world’s top producer of corn and soybeans. The National Agricultural Statistics Service provides data on agricultural products, including peanuts, oats, rye, wheat, rice, cotton, corn, barley, hay, sunflowers, and oilseeds. In addition, the United States Department of Agriculture (USADA) provides livestock statistics for beef, poultry, pork, and dairy products. The country is the primary developer and producer of genetically modified crops, currently possessing half of the worldwide biotech crops.