Japan is a country located in the continent of Asia. Japan is a group of four large and many small islands. These islands are located on the east coast of Asia, ie the Pacific Ocean. Its immediate neighbors are China, Korea and Russia. In Japan, the population of the native inhabitants is 49.5%. The remaining 0.5% are Koreans, 0.4% Chinese and 0.6% others. The Japanese call their country Nippon, which means sunrise. The capital of Japan is Tokyo and its other major metros are Yokohama, Osaka and Kyoto. Buddhism is the main religion of the country and 96% of Japan’s population is Buddhist followers. The official language here is Japanese.
The first written evidence of Japan comes from a Chinese article dated 58 CE. It describes a politician’s visit to China who came from an island in the east. Gradually, political and cultural relations were established between the two countries. At that time the Japanese followed a polytheistic religion, in which there were many gods. Buddhism reached Japan via China in the sixth century. After this, the old religion was called Shinto which literally means – a pantheon of gods. Buddhism did not eliminate the old beliefs but the main religion remained Buddhist. Buddhism came from China in the same way as people, writing system (script) and use of temples for cultural and educational work.
According to Shinto beliefs, when a king dies, the ruler after him will make his capital in a different place than before. This belief was abandoned after the advent of Buddhism. In 710 CE the king made his permanent capital in a city called Nora. By the end of the century, it was transferred to a city called Hyera which was later renamed Kyoto. In the year 910, the Japanese ruler Fujiwara separated himself from the political power of Japan. Till then, the head of Japan remained politically separate from Japan. It was completely different from its contemporary Indian, European and Islamic regions where the head of power was also the head of power. This dynasty ruled until the end of the eleventh century. For many, this period was the golden period of Japanese civilization. Contact with China deteriorated and Japan created its own identity. Took the path of Buddhism in the tenth century. Since then, Japan has strengthened itself as an economic power, and now its name in technical fields is considered among the leading nations.
Japan is a country made up of many islands. Japan is made up of some 400 islands. Only 360 of these islands are larger than 1 square kilometer. Japan is often called the country of four large islands. These islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Due to 7.2 percent of the Japanese land area being surrounded by mountains, the arable land here is only 13.6 percent, 3.5 percent area has water and 6.4 percent of land is in residential use. Japan is not self-sufficient in terms of food grains. Despite being surrounded by the sea all around, 24 percent of the fish it needs has to be sourced from outside.
According to one estimate, Japan is the second largest economy in the world but Japan’s economy is not stable. The average annual income of the people here is around US $ 50,000, which is quite high. [Citation needed] From 1868, the Meiji era launched economic expansion. The Meiji rulers embraced the concept of free market economy and adopted British and North America forms of free enterprise capitalism. Japanese scholars studied abroad and Western scholars were hired to teach in Japan. Many of today’s enterprises were established. Japan has emerged as the most developed nation in Asia.
The 1980s have been called a “Japanese” miracle since 1960 for overall real economic growth: a 10% average in the 1960s, a 5% average in the 1970s, and a 4% average in the 1980s. Growth slowed markedly in the 1990s during what the Japanese call, largely after the decade lost due to the impact of the Japanese asset price bubble and domestic policies intended to wring speculative excesses from the stock and real estate markets. The government’s efforts to revive growth met with little economic success and were further affected by the global recession in 2000. The economy showed strong signs of recovery after 2005. GDP growth for that year was 2.8%. As of 2009, Japan is the second-largest economy in the world, after the United States, with a nominal GDP of around US 5 and a trillion in terms. China in terms of 192 percent of the purchase of public debt of the United States and power parity Japan after the dollar. This annual GDP, banking, insurance, real estate, retailing, transportation, telecommunications, and construction of all major industries Japan a large Industrial capacity and one of the largest, leading, and most technologically advanced producers of automotive, electronic home appliances, machine tools, steel and vessels, chemicals, textiles and processed foods serving for three-quarters of GDP Eat area
Science and technology
Japan has become a leader in science for the last few decades. Japan is one of the leading countries in the areas of scientific research, especially technology, machinery and biomedical research. Nearly 700,000 researchers share a US $ 94 130 billion R&D budget, the third largest in the world Japan is a world leader in fundamental scientific research, having also produced thirteen Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry or Medical, 95 Three Fields Medal 96 and a Gauss Award Winner
Some of Japan’s more prominent technological contributions are found in the fields of electronics, automobiles, machinery, earthquake engineering, industrial robotics, optics, chemicals, semiconductors, and metals. Japan robotics production and use, possessing more than half (402200 742500 K) used to manufacture the world’s industrial robots also produced QRIO, ASIMO, and AIBO. Takes the world. Japan is the world’s largest producer of automotive vehicles [and home to fifteen of the world’s four largest automobile manufacturers and today as one of the world’s twenty largest semiconductor sales leaders of seven
The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Jaxa) is the space agency of Japan that conducts space and planetary research, aviation research, and develops rockets and satellites. It is a partner in the International Space Station and the Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo’s) was added to the International Space Station during the Space Shuttle Assembly flights in 2008. It plans to launch Venus as the orbiter launched space exploration. Is formed (planet C in 2010), [102 Mercury developing Magnetospheric orbit] to be started in 2013, and a moonbase construction by 2030
On September 14, 2007, it launched an H-IIA (model H2A2022) carrier rocket from the Tanegashima Space Center to the lunar orbit Explorer “Selene” (Selenological and Engineering Explorer). Celine is also known as Kaguya, the lunar princess of the legend of ancient folklore bamboo cutter. Kaguya is the largest probe lunar mission since the Apollo program. Data on the origin and evolution of the Moon is gathered from its mission. It entered a lunar orbit on 4 October] flying in lunar orbit at an altitude of about 100 km (62 mi).
Some people consider Japan’s culture to be an extension of China’s culture. Japanese people have pursued Chinese culture in many genres. Buddhism arrived here through Chinese and Korean monks. The most special thing about the culture of Japan is that the people here are very fond of their culture. The month of March is the month of festivities. Japanese music is eclectic, having instruments borrowed from scales, neighboring cultures, and genres. Many instruments, such as Koto, were introduced in the ninth and tenth centuries. Speech with Noh play dates from the fourteenth century and popular folk music, with shamisen like guitar, Western classical music from the sixteenth, introduced in the late nineteenth century. Now an integral part of the culture. After the war, Japan has been heavily influenced by American and European modern music, which has led to the development of the popular band J, called Pop Music.
Karaoke is the most widely practiced cultural activity. A November 1993 survey by the Cultural Affairs Agency found that more Japanese had participated in traditional cultural activities in the form of flowers of arrangement or tea ceremony than in the year that karaoke was sung.
The earliest works of Japanese literature include two history books and Kojiki Nihon Shoki and the eighth-century poetry book Man’yōshū, Manyoshu written in all Chinese letters. In the early days of the Heian period, the system of transcription known as kana (hiragana and katakana) was created in the form of phonograms. The legend of bamboo cutters is considered to be an old Japanese legend, an account of Heian court life. Pillow’s is given by a book written by Sei Shōnagon, while the legend of Genji by Lady Murasaki is often described as the world’s first novel.
During the Edo period, literature is so chōnin that the samurai did not become a court of the aristocracy, ordinary people. Yomihon, for example, became popular and reveals this profound shift in readership and authorship. The Meiji era saw the decline of traditional literary forms, during which Japanese literature integrated Western influences. Natsume Sōseki and Mori Ōgai were the first “modern of Japan” The novelist, Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Jun’ichirō Tanizaki, Yasunari Kawabata, Yukio Mishima and, more recently, Haruki Murakami, were followed by two Japanese Nobel Prize-winning authors – Yasunari Kawabata (1968) and Kenzaburo Oe (1994). is.